Epigenetics refers to changes in gene expression caused by environmental factors, potentially playing a role in the intergenerational transmission of behavioral health issues.

Evidence-based Programs & Practices

Evidence-based programs and practices refer to interventions with proven effectiveness through research, and data which are implemented to improve behavioral health outcomes.

Financial Costs v. Savings

Financial costs savings refer to the potential monetary benefits of implementing behavioral health interventions or alternatives to incarceration within the criminal justice system.


Funding refers to the financial resources provided to support criminal justice and behavioral health programs and services, including grants, contracts, and other resources.


In criminal justice behavioral health, governance refers to the systems and processes that guide decision-making and accountability.


Government refers to the system of organizations and institutions through which a society conducts its affairs and provides public services, including criminal justice and behavioral health.


The physical, mental, and emotional well-being of individuals who are involved in the criminal-legal system.

Health & Human Services

Health and Human Services (HHS) is a government agency responsible for providing health and social services to individuals and families in need.


Individuals of Hispanic and/or Latin American descent and, for the latter, a gender-neutral alternative term encompassing Latinos and Latinas.

Homeless Courts

Homeless courts are specialized courts that offer alternatives to criminal penalties for homeless individuals charged with certain nonviolent offenses.

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